The parathyroid glands are hormone producing glands making them part of the endocrine system. They are located behing the left and right lobes of the thyroid gland (usually two on each side).
It's primary function is regulation of blood calcium by production of a hormone called parathormone (parathyroid hormone). Parathormone is triggered from low blood calcium and acts to increase blood calcium levels by taking calcium out of the bone and putting it into the blood stream.
Abnormal Function Associated with:
kidney stone formation
multiple endocrine neoplasia
joint pain/bone pain
poor immune response
Parathyroid glands are often removed when dysfunctional. Other treatment options require exploration of causative factors plus supplementation aimed at repairing normal function.
Holistic & Integrative Medicine