The Parathyroid Glands are located in the posterior aspect of the Thyroid Gland. There are typically four parathyoid glands but the number can vary. They produce a hormone called Parathyroid Hormone (also call parathormone) which is triggered when blood calcium levels drop. Calcium levels are extremely importance to keep in balance as calcium is involved in muscle contraction, blood clotting, and nerve conduction.
The main function of the parathyroid glands is to raise blood calcium levels.
Secretion of parathyroid hormone from the parathyroid glands stimulates osteoclasts in the bone which break down bone freeing up calcium to go back into the blood. Dysfunction in these glands is also related to osteoporosis.
Treatment for parathyroid dysregulation may involve surgical removal. Doctors trained in holistic or integrative medicine will investigate causative factors and attempt to repair normal function.